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Top 25 Players to Ever Play a Game for the Phillies: No. 20, Cliff Lee

By Tim Kelly, Sports Talk Philly editor

Cliff Lee was something of a mercenary during his career, which is strange considering how dominant he was at his peak. But if you wanted a starting pitcher to come in and lead your attempt to make a deep playoff run during the late-2000s, you may not have been able to do much better than Lee. 

After a disastrous 2007 season, Lee wasn't on the Cleveland Indians postseason roster in 2007 when they came within one win of going to the World Series. However, he came back in 2008 with such a dominant season that it made it easier for Indians fans to stomach the fact that due to his impending free-agency, the Indians were forced to trade franchise icon CC Sabathia. 

Lee won the 2008 American League Cy Young Award, as he went 22-3 with a 2.54 ERA and four complete games. Amazingly, the best was yet to come. 

A year after Sabathia was dealt, the Indians traded Lee and Ben Francisco to the defending World Series champion Philadelphia Phillies in a July blockbuster. In 12 regular season starts for the Phillies, Lee went 7-4 with a 3.39 ERA. A strong second-half was a precursor to a historic postseason in 2009. 

Related: Cliff Lee's Month of July 2011 Remains Unfathomable 

In Game 1 of the 2009 NLDS, Lee threw a complete-game against budding-star Ubaldo Jimenez and the Colorado Rockies. He pitched 7.1 innings and only allowed one earned run in the series-clinching Game 4 win. The Phillies only needed Lee once in the NLCS against the Dodgers, but he did his part there, allowing just three hits over eight innings in an 11-0 Game 3 win. 

Lee was even more dominant in the World Series against the Yankees. The Phillies lost the series in six games, but Lee started both of the games that the Phillies won. He threw a complete-game in the team's Game 1 win at Yankee Stadium. He labored through seven innings in Game 5, but helped the Phillies to keep the series alive. 

All in all, Lee's 2009 postseason was one of the most dominant in the history of the sport. Lee's four postseason wins in 2009 are tied with a slew of pitchers for third most in MLB history. The 47 strikeouts that he recorded during the postseason are tied with Hall of Famer Randy Johnson and 2003 World Series MVP Josh Beckett for second all-time. The 40.1 innings he threw in 2009 were eighth most in a single postseason in league history. 

The Phillies, rather shockingly, traded Lee to the Seattle Mariners prior to the 2010 season. But as any good mercenary does, Lee just continued to ball. 

2010, which was a contract year, was perhaps the most dominant individual season of Lee's career. He split the regular season between the Mariners and the Texas Rangers, throwing seven complete-games, posting a 3.18 ERA and a career-high 7.0 WAR (per FanGraphs). 

Cliff Lee Responds to Passing of Former Teammate Roy Halladay

Again on the national stage, Lee was dominant in the postseason. Though he ran out of gas in what turned out to be another World Series loss, Lee allowed just two runs in 24 innings across three starts between the ALDS and ALCS. He again was a thorn in the Yankees side, helping the Rangers to eliminate the defending World Series Champions in the ALCS for their first American League pennant in World Series history. 

Lee became a free-agent after the 2010 season, and turned down larger offers from the Rangers and Yankees to return to the Phillies. In what became the most exciting calendar year in the history of the franchise, Lee joined a rotation that now featured Cole Hamels, Roy Oswalt and the late Roy Halladay. It became one of the most dominant rotations in the history of the sport, with Lee, Halladay and Hamels all finishing in the top-five in Cy Young Award voting in 2011. 

The final four seasons of Lee's 13-year career were spent with the Phillies. In that time, he made two more All-Star Game appearances and became one of the more beloved pitchers in the history of the Phillies. 

Lee never was able to win a World Series, but he was still one of the best postseason pitchers of his ERA. His rather short career will prevent him from being a Hall of Famer, but if there was a Hall of Fame that simply looked at peak dominance, Lee would be a shoe-in to have a plaque of his own. 


Career Accomplishments

  • 2008 American League Cy Young Award winner
  • Four All-Star Game appearances (2008, 2010, 2011, 2013)
  • Won American League Comeback Player of the Year in 2008
  • Led Major League Baseball in wins (22) and American League in ERA (2.54) in 2008 
  • Finished top-10 in Cy Young Award voting five times, three of which times he finished in the top five
  • Finished top 15 in league MVP voting twice
  • Part of 2011 Phillies team that won a franchise-record 102 games

*Awards were not factored into the formula


Career Defining Moment

If this was simply a countdown of the greatest Phillies of all-time, Lee's return to the Phillies after the 2010 season, even though it isn't an individual moment, would probably be here. If it were simply about his most memorable individual season, his 2008 American League Cy Young Award-winning season would be revisited. After all, he went 22-3 with a 2.54 ERA, in one of the best individual seasons in recent memory. 

But if you asked a player who played in the league or someone that covered the sport during Lee's career what they think of when Lee's name is mentioned, the answer would be nearly unanimous - Game 1 of the 2009 World Series. 

After a dominant postseason, Lee took the ball in Game 1 of the World Series against his former Indians teammate CC Sabathia. He turned in a performance that shared some similarities to another legendary Philadelphia sports moment on a big stage. 

The Philadelphia 76ers didn't win the 2001 NBA Finals against the Los Angeles Lakers, but the most memorable moment from that NBA Finals may be Allen Iverson's 48-point outburst in Game 1 against Shaquille O'Neal, Kobe Bryant and the eventual champions. The Sixers didn't win another game in that series, but when you think of the 2000-01 NBA Finals, you think of Iverson's performance. Lee's Game 1 performance in the 2009 World Series may be the closest baseball comparison to that. 

The Phillies lost the World Series in six games, but not until after Lee threw a complete-game to win Game 1 of the World Series. In nine innings, Lee scattered six hits and one run, to give the Phillies an early series lead. He got six runs of offensive support, including two home runs from Chase Utley. But his dominant performance is what is remembered about the game. The Phillies, who were the defending World Series champions, took their new toy into Yankee Stadium for Game 1 of the World Series and he embarrassed the Yankees. 

It's enough to throw a complete game to start off the World Series. To top that off with two unique plays in the field, ones where you don't look the least bit surprised to have made, was the icing on the cake to a remarkable start. 


Reasoning for ranking

Lee had eight seasons where he had a WAR of two or higher, giving him eight points. Of those eight seasons, he had three seasons where he posted a WAR of five or higher, giving him nine more points. And of those eight seasons, he had one year with a WAR of eight or higher, giving him five more points. So from WAR alone, Lee earned 22 points. Lee's 1.196 WHIP is 142 best in MLB history, so he got one point for being in the top 200. His 1.93 career BB/9 is 77th best in MLB. So he got one point for being in the top 200 and two points for being in the top 100. And then his K/9 of 7.61 was 75th best in MLB history, so he received on point for being in the top 200, two points for being in the top 100 and three points for being in the top 75. Overall, he scored 32 points, which was two more than Cole Hamels - who came in at No. 21 - and five less than No. 19. 


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Explanation of scientific formula

The player rankings formula combines both traditional and advanced statistics/metrics and assigns a point total to each category. 

First, single-season WAR is a primary factor in our rankings. According to Baseball Reference's WAR calculations, 2+ WAR is considered a starter, 5+ WAR is All-Star caliber, and 8+ WAR is MVP level. We totaled the number of seasons that a player performed at a 2+ WAR, 5+ WAR, and 8+ WAR level and assigned a set point value for each category, (+1), (+3), and (+5) respectively. For example, in 1980, Mike Schmidt complied an 8.8 WAR. This was counted as a 2+ WAR season, a 5+ WAR season, and an 8+ WAR season. So, for 1980 alone, Mike Schmidt earned nine points for WAR. 
 
Next, we assigned point values for being among the top 25, top 50, top 100, and top 200 all-time in particular statistical categories, such as batting average, hits, doubles, triples, RBI, home runs, and OPS for hitters; and ERA, wins, and WHIP, FIP, BB/9, H/9, and K/9 for pitchers. 
 
Finally, all statistical categories were totaled up using our point based system and ranked accordingly, with historical columnist Matt Albertson and managing editor Tim Kelly reserving the right to move players up the list, within reason, based on an "importance" factor. A player will score higher in this subjective category if his acquisition corresponded with a great team career or if they contributed to the club's rebuild or playoff run. A player will score lower if their career didn't correspond with a particularly good season(s) or with a playoff run. It will also be low if this player was traded by the club and became one of the best players in the game after the trade, thus negatively effecting the club's performance or extending a rebuild. An explanation of why a player is ranked in a certain spot will be provided, as will an overall score breakdown.
Cliff lee world series

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